In English, gerundizing is the process of adding ‘ing’ to the verb. When verbs germinate, they function partly as verbs and partly as nouns. In other words, by adding ‘ing’ to any verb, the verb changes its function to be part noun and part verb.

Gerunds functions

1) As subjects of sentences

Gerunds, or gerundized verbs when used as the subjects of sentences, are often placed at the beginning when focusing on the activity as a topic of conversation.

Of smoking it is dangerous.

Reading electronic articles it is interesting.

Writing articles it takes a lot of practice.

Playing tennis it’s good for your health and a lot of fun.

Learning a foreign language it is not always difficult.

The hunter’s shot it was terrible.

Flying a plane It could be dangerous.

Teaching the doctrine he is fooling people.

Travel it’s fun.

Introducing the new software it was clear enough to understand.

2) As an object of a verb

Gerunds here function as verb objects. In English there are certain gerundized verbs that function as verb objects.

The following are verbs commonly followed by the gerund form: Like, fantasy, dislike, hate, love, loathe, dislike, stop, cease, continue, mind, admit, deny, advise, avoid, consider, delay, cancel, discuss, enjoy, terminate, hold, postpone, suggest, recommend , repent, participate, risk, tolerate and leave, etc.


I how to swim. My sister kitchen fantasies. U.S I don’t like to gossip. I I hate waiting especially for nothing. U.S I love to dance. Anita hates provoking. U.S disgust to plagiarize. Why stop trying? Indonesia decided stop shooting Malaysian troops. U.S keep trying the best. Would you do it open mind the door? We admit making mistakes. you deny theft the money? U.S advise closure the site asap. Helen avoided meeting Pricila. Never delay doing stuff. They have discussed meeting at the next meeting. You do enjoy surfing? You have finished doing Your project? Keep trying. Whose postpone writing your thesis. U.S postpone suggested / recommended the program. U.S regret being unable to come. U.S participated ending the proposal. risk of continuing plant. Whose tolerate ceating in any game. Harry avoided paying late fees on account. Denny denied knowing nothing about corruption. I postpone taking a decision until Monday. She regrets not having studied French in college. Hanna enjoy listening to classical music. Jason admit to spending too much money on toys. Let’s go go swimming!

3) After certain expressions (I can’t help, I can’t resist, I can’t stand, I can’t stand, I can’t stop, I can’t persist)

Gerunds are used after expressions like I can’t help, I can’t resist, I can’t stand, I can’t stand, I can’t stop, I can’t persist,


I I can’t stop falling in love with English. Jenny I can’t resist eating chocolate mints. His words I can’t bear repeating. Terry I can’t bear to stay in Indonesia because it’s hot. I I can’t stop loving the woman ..

4) Compound verbs with particle prepositions are germinated

Gerunds are used after phrasal verbs (verbs followed by prepositions of particles), in other words, gerunds are used with phrasal verbs ending in prepositions. Phrasal verbs are verb phrases that are made up of two or more words, usually the verb plus one or two prepositions such as: think, investigate, cancel, overcome, find out, wait, postpone, take over, stop, negotiate, object, count, trust, etc.


You have I thought about moving to the country? Never postpone doing stuff. Coach cancelled practicingg for the day. Thomas look inside find a new job. to overcome the loss your dog. I look inside buy a new computer. Departure managed to overcome the loss weight. U.S We hope to meet you again at Why not you take over supervision the project? Terry stopped shopping for the family. U.S try to distribute gas in the field. U.S object to manipulate the data. Man alone count on collecting garbage to live your family. Whose trust use the dictionary of meanings.

5) As objects of prepositions

In English, verbs germinate as objects of prepositions: on, on, on, for, by, from, outside, from, inside, outside, opposite, etc. This means that whenever a verb follows a preposition, the gerund or the ‘ing’ form of the verb is used. This is especially important for adjective + preposition combinations and phrasal verbs (shown above) that generally end in prepositions.


Doing a decision there are many things to consider. Us checking the merchandise, we found something wrong with the merchandise. We need to discuss before we arrive. when making amends our mind. I’m here to attend to a writing workshop. by following the formula, we can make money fast. Instead of from to stay I prefer to go to the theater. We’ve just arrived visit factory.

6) Certain adjectives with certain prepositions take gerunds

In English, gerunds are used after certain adjectives with certain combinations of prepositions including: fearful of, good / bad / poor, excellent for (in, in), interested in, different from, tired of, amazed / surprised of (by), sure of / of, capable of, slow in, similar to, being / get used to / get used to, similar to, etc..


I am afraid to wake up my father. Some of the cadets are bad at spelling Words in English. you are good talking English. Are poor pronouncing Indonesian words. These vegetables are excellent forgetting better Your Health. I am interested in writing articles about music and sports. Are you fear of climbing the mountain? The tour guide is tired of leading the tour. John is good talking Dutch. Sally was afraid to walk alone in the dark. Are able to solve your complicated problem. We are accustomed / used to working late at night.

7) As objects of possessive adjectives

Verbs germinate after possessive adjectives like my, you, he, he, she, ours, he, his, Mary’s, Juan’s, etc.


Thanks for your coming. Like my coming to your office? I do not mind your question me about our business. We always hope your visit to our site. We do not object to your interrupting us during the discussion. I expected Mary is coming yesterday. John’s interrogation maybe he is right. I do not understand his teaching us about the game.

8. As objects of objective pronouns

After objective pronouns like I, you, he, she, they, her, the, we, that, Mary, Tometc. verbs also germinate.

I do not agree with him suggesting such an idea. I like it he comes to my office. Like coming to me to your office? I do not mind the asking me about our business. I expected Mary is coming yesterday. I do not understand he behaves so rudely everybody.

8) need, want, require + Gerund

When verbs need, want and require are germinated, they can have a passive infinitive meaning.


The flowers are dying so needs watering (They need to be watered). The floor is dirty so requires cleaning (Requires cleaning). The cover wants to paint (He wants to be painted).

9. no use and value + Gerund

Gerunds are also used after expressions like without use, without value, without essence, without foundation, without excuse, without reason and (without) value.


There’s nor use crying over spilled milk. It is not) worth doing such activity is already useless. There are no reason to complain about defeat. There are there is no excuse to be late again.

10. No + Gerunds to make prohibitions in English.

In English, when bans are made with “no”, gerunds are often used or verbs are germinated.


No smoking (no smoking) No parking! No passing! Do not provoke! No Trespassing!

In short, English verbs are germinated by adding ‘ing’ to any verb, and germinated verbs change their functions to be part nouns and part verbs. Gerunds can function in English as subjects of sentences, as objects of verbs, of prepositions, of possessive objectives, of possessive adjectives, etc.

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