It is a type of paper that is used in all Japanese writing manuscripts. Vertical writing generally starts from right to left and top to bottom. Horizontal writing starts from left to right and top to bottom. Here are some tips.
- Title: write the title on the 1st line. The first word begins in the fourth square. If the title begins with numbers, write them in kanji.
- Name: The name of the writer is on the second line. The last name comes before the first name. Leave 1 box between the last name and the first name. Also leave 1 box under the name.
- The first sentence of the essay or paragraph: start from the third line in the second box. Each new paragraph starts from the second square.
- Punctuation marks: they usually occupy their own squares. Exception: when they will appear at the top of the next line, we write them in the lower right quarter next to the last word of the current line.
- Small characters: each one occupies 1 square and we place it in the upper right quarter of the square.
- The subtitle (if applicable): has 1 empty line before and after. Start from the third square of a new line. If there are no subheadings, just start the next paragraph on a new line after the previous one.
- Elongation mark: When writing from top to bottom, the elongation mark should also be written from top to bottom in the middle of the square.
- Write numbers: use kanji instead of Arabic numbers. A number occupies 1 square.
- All the rules (1-8) of vertical writing would normally apply to horizontal writing.
- Small characters occupy in the lower left quarter of 1 square.
- When writing a conversation script, we use Japanese quotation marks.
- Always try to write about 90% of the required words. Between 90-100% is great. Below 80% you will not get good grades.
- Always write Kanji if you can. Too many Hiragana will not help you get good grades.
- Be consistent. Stick to the form you choose to use for sentences throughout the essay. To include everything you wanted to write without exceeding the word limits, we recommend that you use the simple form. The simple shape also gives a friendly feeling to the readers.
- Avoid using jargon or colloquial words / expressions when writing formal essays.
- Avoid repeating the same words or the same content too often.
- Avoid writing a sentence that has more than 2 lines of the Genkouyoushi.
- Make sure the logic of the sentence flows.
- Make sure there are no typographical or typographical errors. For example, you are thinking of 1 word but wrote it differently.
- If you need to write with a pencil, be sure to choose the appropriate one for clarity of reading and ease of writing.
‘H’ indicates hardness. for example, 3H is harder than H.
‘B’ indicates darkness. for example, 3B is smoother than B.
‘F’ indicates that you sharpen the pencil to a fine point.